Causes and consequences of burnout among mental health professionals: A practice-oriented review of recent empirical literature

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Abstract:

Burnout is a psychological syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Due to the demands of treating people with psychological problems, burnout is prevalent among psychotherapists. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of 44 quantitative and qualitative studies from the past decade focusing on both the risk factors for, and effects of, burnout among psychotherapists. Factors influencing burnout include perceived job control, the nature of psychotherapists’ caseload, countertransference reactions, supervisory support, and psychotherapists’ mental health history. Burnout affects psychotherapists’ general well-being, as well as the extent to which clients engage in and benefit from psychotherapy. Implications for psychotherapists and their supervisors for burnout prevention and intervention are discussed, and recommendations for further research in this area are identified.

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Citation:

Yang, Y., & Hayes, J. A. (2020). Causes and consequences of burnout among mental health professionals: A practice-oriented review of recent empirical literature. Psychotherapy, 57(3), 426.

About This Study:

Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies
Intervention Duration: Varies
Study Type: Systematic review
Full Text Availability: Paid
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Gender(s) of Participants: All
Age(s) of Participants: Adults

Relevant Evidence Summaries:

The evidence was reviewed and included in the following summaries: