We have developed a database of research evidence to help resettlement service providers in the U.S provide evidence-based interventions and best address barriers that resettlement clients and other ORR-eligible populations face. To date, an initial number of research studies have been added to the database. More studies will be added on an ongoing basis. Use the search area to access content based on criteria like outcome, intervention, year, and study type, or use our advanced search feature to find evidence based on specific, customized criteria.

This library hosts materials developed by Switchboard and by former Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)-funded technical assistance (TA) providers (most in fiscal years 2016-2018, with selected earlier materials). This library links materials externally where: their formats were incompatible with internal hosting; they were developed by current ORR-funded TA providers; or they were developed by non-ORR funded authors who granted permission for the links.

Author Definitions

BRYCS
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services
CLINIC
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. National Citizenship Capacity Building Project
CVT
Center for Victims of Torture National Capacity Building Project for Specialized Torture Treatment Centers
Higher
Higher Employment Services Technical Assistance
Mercy Housing
Mercy Housing Refugee Housing Program
META
Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Assistance Project
NPCT
National Partnership for Community Training Mental Health Technical Assistance Program
Project SOAR
Project for Strengthening Organizations Assisting Refugees
Welcoming America
Welcoming America's Welcoming Refugees Program
Other
Authors not receiving technical assistance funding from ORR

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Free Full TextTo best support LGBTQ immigrant newcomers: Community dialogue participatory recommendation report.

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): N/A
Intervention(s): Various
Relevant ORR Program(s): Preferred Commmunitiues, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Discretionary Grant Program, Wislon/Fish
Direction of Evidence: No evidence about impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Free Full TextRainbow Response: A practical guide to resettling LGBT refugees and asylees.

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): N/A
Intervention(s): Various
Relevant ORR Program(s): Preferred Commmunitiues, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Discretionary Grant Program, Wislon/Fish
Direction of Evidence: No evidence about impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

This field manual presents best practices and offers instructions on how to effectively meet the specific needs of this refugee community.

Free Full TextServing LGBTQ immigrants and building welcoming communities

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): N/A
Intervention(s): Various
Relevant ORR Program(s): Preferred Commmunitiues, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Discretionary Grant Program, Wislon/Fish
Direction of Evidence: No evidence about impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Through individual interviews and analysis of quantitative survey data, this report examines what social and legal services are available in the six selected cities; the approaches taken by service providers in working with LGBTQ immigrants; and the barriers LGBTQ immigrants face in accessing these services. In response to the research’s findings, the report offers recommendations …

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Free Full TextHealthcare access for Iraqi refugee children in Texas: persistent barriers, potential solutions, and policy implications.

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): Health
Intervention(s): Case Management
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Medical Assistance, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

To identify access barriers to healthcare and potential interventions to improve access for Iraqi refugee children. Four focus groups were conducted using consecutive sampling of Iraqi refugee parents residing in the US for 8 months to 5 years. Eight key-informant interviews also were conducted with employees of organizations serving Iraqi refugee families, recruited using snowball sampling. Focus …

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Free Full TextFindings from an extended case management US refugee resettlement program.

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): Various
Intervention(s): Extended Case Management
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Targeted Assistance, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

This evaluation considers 434 households that participated in an Extended Case Management program from March 2009 through July 2011 in Salt Lake City, Utah, in the United States. Substantial improvements in wellbeing and reductions in needs in relation to health, employment, finances, housing, education, and family/community circumstances were observed over the course of 2 years. Variations …

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Free Full TextA systematic review of social service programs serving refugees.

Publication Year: 2019
Outcome area(s): Various
Intervention(s): Refugee Social Services
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Targeted Assistance, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

Purpose: The global forced migration crisis calls for responsive, research-supported social services. This systematic review examines available research on social service programs implemented with refugees worldwide. Methods: Through accessing academic databases, reviewing article reference lists and websites, and contacting experts, we identified 1,402 sources, 68 of which met review inclusion criteria and were selected for …

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Free Full TextDefining effective care coordination for mental health referrals of refugee populations in the united states

Publication Year: 2018
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Referral to treatment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Objectives: Refugee populations arriving to the United States report high rates of exposure to trauma and associated psychiatric distress that may necessitate referrals to mental health services. Although refugee arrivals receive a voluntary health screening, mental health screening is not routine. Public health providers report that one barrier to mental health screening concerns uncertainty about how …

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Free Full TextIntensive psychotherapy and case management for Karen refugees with major depression in primary care: a pragmatic randomized control trial.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Depression Reduction
Intervention(s): Intensive psychotherapy and case management (IPCM)
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

Background: Despite an unparalleled global refugee crisis, there are almost no studies in primary care addressing real-world conditions and longer courses of treatment that are typical when resettled refugees present to their physician with critical psychosocial needs and complex symptoms. We studied the effects of a year of psychotherapy and case management in a primary …

Intensive psychotherapy and case management for Karen refugees with major depression in primary care: a pragmatic randomized control trial. Read More »

Free Full TextConnecting refugees to substance use treatment: a qualitative study.

Publication Year: 2016
Outcome(s): Substance Use
Intervention(s): Referral to treatment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

An emerging body of literature identifies substance use as a growing concern among refugees resettling in the United States. Like immigrants, refugees may face cultural, linguistic, or systems barriers to connecting with mainstream substance use treatment programs, which may be compounded by refugees’ unique experiences with exposure to trauma, displacement in refugee camps, and resettlement. …

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Free Full TextCulturally congruent intens2018ive case management service for three refugee communities

Publication Year: 2018
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Intensive Case Management (ICM)
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

In 1999 an intensive case management (ICM) mental health service targeting Afghan, Sri Lankan, and Somali communities was established in Toronto. The program provides culturally and linguistically appropriate ICM. Using administrative data of clients enrolled in the program from 2006 to 2010, we examined the effectiveness of the program by assessing the enrollment status two …

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