Evidence

We have developed a database of research evidence to help resettlement service providers in the U.S provide evidence-based interventions and best address barriers that resettlement clients and other ORR-eligible populations face. To date, an initial number of research studies have been added to the database. More studies will be added on an ongoing basis. Use the search area to access content based on criteria like outcome, intervention, year, and study type, or use our advanced search feature to find evidence based on specific, customized criteria. Click here to read Switchboard's Evidence Database Protocol.

Evidence Database | Advanced Evidence Search | Evidence Summaries

This library hosts materials developed by Switchboard and by former Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)-funded technical assistance (TA) providers (most in fiscal years 2016-2018, with selected earlier materials). This library links materials externally where: their formats were incompatible with internal hosting; they were developed by current ORR-funded TA providers; or they were developed by non-ORR funded authors who granted permission for the links.

Author Definitions

BRYCS
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services
CLINIC
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. National Citizenship Capacity Building Project
CVT
Center for Victims of Torture National Capacity Building Project for Specialized Torture Treatment Centers
Higher
Higher Employment Services Technical Assistance
Mercy Housing
Mercy Housing Refugee Housing Program
META
Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Assistance Project
NPCT
National Partnership for Community Training Mental Health Technical Assistance Program
Project SOAR
Project for Strengthening Organizations Assisting Refugees
Welcoming America
Welcoming America's Welcoming Refugees Program
Other
Authors not receiving technical assistance funding from ORR

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Free Full TextMigrants, refugees and mobility: how useful are information communication technologies in the first phase of resettlement?

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): Public libraries & migrant community centers
Relevant ORR Program(s): EthnicCommunity Self-Help Program, Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

The rate at which people move and resettle around the world is unprecedented. Mobility and resettlement is now greatly assisted by the use of inexpensive internet communication technologies (ICTs) for a wide variety of functions: to communicate locally and across territories, for localised information seeking, geo – locational mapping and for forging new social connections …

Migrants, refugees and mobility: how useful are information communication technologies in the first phase of resettlement? Read More »

Free Full TextDigital Inclusion & Health Communication: A Rapid Review of Literature

Publication Year: 2019
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): Varies
Relevant ORR Program(s): EthnicCommunity Self-Help Program, Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

Information and communication technologies can be a valuable tool for enhancing health communication. However, not everyone is utilising the wide suite of digital opportunities. This disparity has the potential to exacerbate existing social and health inequalities, particularly among vulnerable groups such as those who are in poor health and the elderly. This review aimed to …

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Free Full TextMobile communication and refugees: An analytical review of academic literature.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): None Tested
Relevant ORR Program(s): EthnicCommunity Self-Help Program, Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: No evidence about impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Over the past decade, an expanding literature has explored the ways in which refugees rely on mobile communication technologies to stay in touch with a wider community and to access relevant information and services in their new places. Nevertheless, challenges linked to (a lack of) digital literacy and accessibility among refugees, and associated risks of …

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Free Full TextFactors Associated With Burnout and Stress in Trainee Physicians: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Question: What factors are associated with burnout/stress in trainee physicians? Findings: This systematic review and meta-analysis of 48 studies included 36 266 trainee physicians. The odds ratios for the associations between workplace factors and burnout/stress were found to be higher compared with nonmodifiable and non-work-related factors such as age and grade. Meaning: The findings of …

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Paid Full TextCauses and consequences of burnout among mental health professionals: A practice-oriented review of recent empirical literature

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

Burnout is a psychological syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Due to the demands of treating people with psychological problems, burnout is prevalent among psychotherapists. In this article, we present a comprehensive review of 44 quantitative and qualitative studies from the past decade focusing on both the risk …

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Free Full TextEffectiveness of interventions to reduce emergency department staff occupational stress and/or burnout: a systematic review.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies and self-care
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to synthesize the best evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to reduce occupational stress and/or burnout in the emergency department. INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of occupational stress and burnout among busy emergency department staff requires urgent attention. This review summarizes the current evidence to provide recommendations on interventions to …

Effectiveness of interventions to reduce emergency department staff occupational stress and/or burnout: a systematic review. Read More »

Paid Full TextThe Impact of Nurse Leadership Styles on Nurse Burnout: A Systematic Literature Review.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature, published 2010 to 2019, and assess the impact of nurse leadership styles on nurse burnout. The review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Eighteen articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Based on the literature, nurse burnout …

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Free Full TextThe Association between Energy Balance-Related Behavior and Burn-Out in Adults: A Systematic Review.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Self-care
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

Although it is believed that physical activity, sedentary, and dietary behavior (i.e., energy balance-related behavior) may decrease the risk of burn-out, the association between both is currently not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesize studies investigating the relationship between energy balance-related behavior and burn-out risk. A systematic literature search …

The Association between Energy Balance-Related Behavior and Burn-Out in Adults: A Systematic Review. Read More »

Paid Full TextImpact of social support in preventing burnout syndrome in nurses: A systematic review.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Organizational strategies
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

AIM: Burnout is a reality in the nursing profession. It is composed of three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment, and results from being subjected to chronic stress in the healthcare context. Social support (SS), that is, the assistance and protection given by others, is a predictive and protective factor against burnout syndrome. …

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Free Full TextInsomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Reduction of compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary trauma
Intervention(s): Self-care
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify and evaluate the impact of interventions to improve or reduce insomnia in the workforce through randomized clinical trials. Following the recommendations of the PRISMA and MARS statement, a systematic literature search was carried out on the PubMed, Web of Science, CINHAL, and PsycINFO databases, …

Insomnia Interventions in the Workplace: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Read More »