Evidence

We have developed a database of research evidence to help resettlement service providers in the U.S provide evidence-based interventions and best address barriers that resettlement clients and other ORR-eligible populations face. To date, an initial number of research studies have been added to the database. More studies will be added on an ongoing basis. Use the search area to access content based on criteria like outcome, intervention, year, and study type, or use our advanced search feature to find evidence based on specific, customized criteria. Click here to read Switchboard's Evidence Database Protocol.

Evidence Database | Advanced Evidence Search | Evidence Summaries

This library hosts materials developed by Switchboard and by former Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)-funded technical assistance (TA) providers (most in fiscal years 2016-2018, with selected earlier materials). This library links materials externally where: their formats were incompatible with internal hosting; they were developed by current ORR-funded TA providers; or they were developed by non-ORR funded authors who granted permission for the links.

Author Definitions

BRYCS
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services
CLINIC
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. National Citizenship Capacity Building Project
CVT
Center for Victims of Torture National Capacity Building Project for Specialized Torture Treatment Centers
Higher
Higher Employment Services Technical Assistance
Mercy Housing
Mercy Housing Refugee Housing Program
META
Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Assistance Project
NPCT
National Partnership for Community Training Mental Health Technical Assistance Program
Project SOAR
Project for Strengthening Organizations Assisting Refugees
Welcoming America
Welcoming America's Welcoming Refugees Program
Other
Authors not receiving technical assistance funding from ORR

<< Collapse

Free Full TextExplaining opposition to refugee resettlement: The role of NIMBYism and perceived threats

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome area(s): Inclusive Communities
Intervention(s): Media Framing
Relevant ORR Program(s): Preferred Communities, Public/Private Partnership Program, Refugee Career Pathways, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

One week after President Donald Trump signed a controversial executive order to reduce the influx of refugees to the United States, we conducted a survey experiment to understand American citizens’ attitudes toward refugee resettlement. Specifically, we evaluated whether citizens consider the geographic context of the resettlement program (that is, local versus national) and the degree …

Explaining opposition to refugee resettlement: The role of NIMBYism and perceived threats Read More »

Free Full TextEngaging employers in immigrant integration.

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome area(s): Inclusive Communities
Intervention(s): Workplace interventions
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Public/Private Partnership Program, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Literature review

This report addresses the following questions: 1. What do we know about employer engagement in immigrant integration? 2. What conceptual and theoretical strands can guide knowledge about employer engagement in immigrant integration? 3. What can employers do to foster immigrant integration? To answer those questions, the author reviewed the evidence from literature, and complemented this …

Engaging employers in immigrant integration. Read More »

Free Full TextUnderstanding public attitudes towards refugees and migrants.

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome area(s): Inclusive Communities
Intervention(s): Varies
Relevant ORR Program(s): Preferred Communities, Public/Private Partnership Program, Refugee Career Pathways, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Literature review

This paper is intended as a primer on the drivers influencing public attitudes towards refugees and migrants, and what they mean for organisations working on refugee and migration issues. This paper canvasses this large literature base to draw out commonalities and highlight potential entry points. Findings show that engaging effectively with public attitudes towards refugees …

Understanding public attitudes towards refugees and migrants. Read More »

Free Full TextPutting Yourself in Other People’s Shoes: The use of Forum theatre to explore refugee and homeless issues in schools

Publication Year: 2002
Outcome area(s): Inclusive Communities
Intervention(s): School-Based Anti-Bias Program
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

This study investigated the experiences of, and interactions between, participants of a Forum theatre workshop, which addressed the issue of the refugee child at school. Staged by a UK theatre company, whose actors had, in their own lives, experienced being homeless and/or refugees, the workshop was investigated as it was performed in three London secondary …

Putting Yourself in Other People’s Shoes: The use of Forum theatre to explore refugee and homeless issues in schools Read More »

Free Full TextPreventing prejudice and improving intergroup attitudes: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent training programs.

Publication Year: 2014
Outcome area(s): Inclusive Communities
Intervention(s): School-Based Anti-Bias Program
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

This article reports the results of a meta-analysis of 81 research reports containing 122 intervention–control comparisons of structured programs to reduce prejudice or promote positive intergroup attitudes in children and adolescents. Overall, the analysis revealed a mean effect size of d = 0.30, indicating low to moderate intervention effects. From the great variety of different approaches, interventions based …

Preventing prejudice and improving intergroup attitudes: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent training programs. Read More »

Free Full TextDigital inclusion for low-skilled and low-literate people: A landscape review

Publication Year: 2018
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): Inclusion programs for low-skilled and low-literate people
Relevant ORR Program(s): EthnicCommunity Self-Help Program, Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

This landscape review seeks to explore how technology solutions outside of the education sector can bedesigned to be more inclusive, accessible and usable for people with low levels of skillsThirty-two projects from at least twenty-five countries, in contexts both rural and urban, were selected for this review, to illustrate key characteristics of digital inclusion for …

Digital inclusion for low-skilled and low-literate people: A landscape review Read More »

Free Full TextExpanding Notions of Digital Access: Parents’ Negotiation of School-Based Technology Initiatives in New Immigrant Communities

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): School-home partnerships, libraries
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Initiatives to integrate technology in schools are continuously increasing, with efforts to bridge the “homework gap” and provide technology access in low-income households. However, it is critical to include nondominant parents in technology adoption decisions in order to avoid mirroring past patterns of inequality in home-school relationships. This study examines the digital access, use, and …

Expanding Notions of Digital Access: Parents’ Negotiation of School-Based Technology Initiatives in New Immigrant Communities Read More »

Free Full TextRapid review of evidence for basic digital skills

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): Varies
Relevant ORR Program(s): EthnicCommunity Self-Help Program, Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

This study was a rapid literature review of evidence and learning in relation to following key criteria: (1) Statistics and trends on digital inclusion across the UK (looking at issues of confidence and motivation, access and affordability, and basic digital skills); (2) Identification of the key issues and barriers facing particular groups of people that …

Rapid review of evidence for basic digital skills Read More »

Free Full TextWhen the Divide Isn’t Just Digital: How Technology-Enriched Afterschool Programs Help Immigrant Youth Find a Voice, a Place, and a Future

Publication Year: 2008
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): Community technology centers
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

The so-called “digital divide”–unequal access to information technology–is one of many social inequalities faced by individuals who are low-income, ethnic minorities, or immigrants. Surprisingly, the digital divide is even larger for young people than it is for adults, with African-American and Latino young people, as well as immigrants of almost any non-Asian ethnicity, having considerably …

When the Divide Isn’t Just Digital: How Technology-Enriched Afterschool Programs Help Immigrant Youth Find a Voice, a Place, and a Future Read More »

Free Full TextIntergenerational online health information searching and brokering: Framing health literacy as a family asset

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome area(s): Digital inclusion
Intervention(s): None Tested
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: No evidence about impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Latino populations are disproportionately impacted by health disparities and face both connectivity and health literacy challenges. As evidenced by the current global pandemic, access to reliable online health-related information and the ability to apply that information is critical to achieving health equity. Through a qualitative study on how Latino families collaborate to access online health …

Intergenerational online health information searching and brokering: Framing health literacy as a family asset Read More »