Evidence

We have developed a database of research evidence to help resettlement service providers in the U.S provide evidence-based interventions and best address barriers that resettlement clients and other ORR-eligible populations face. To date, an initial number of research studies have been added to the database. More studies will be added on an ongoing basis. Use the search area to access content based on criteria like outcome, intervention, year, and study type, or use our advanced search feature to find evidence based on specific, customized criteria. Click here to read Switchboard's Evidence Database Protocol.

Evidence Database | Advanced Evidence Search | Evidence Summaries

This library hosts materials developed by Switchboard and by former Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)-funded technical assistance (TA) providers (most in fiscal years 2016-2018, with selected earlier materials). This library links materials externally where: their formats were incompatible with internal hosting; they were developed by current ORR-funded TA providers; or they were developed by non-ORR funded authors who granted permission for the links.

Author Definitions

BRYCS
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services
CLINIC
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. National Citizenship Capacity Building Project
CVT
Center for Victims of Torture National Capacity Building Project for Specialized Torture Treatment Centers
Higher
Higher Employment Services Technical Assistance
Mercy Housing
Mercy Housing Refugee Housing Program
META
Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Assistance Project
NPCT
National Partnership for Community Training Mental Health Technical Assistance Program
Project SOAR
Project for Strengthening Organizations Assisting Refugees
Welcoming America
Welcoming America's Welcoming Refugees Program
Other
Authors not receiving technical assistance funding from ORR

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Free Full TextWhich Employment Strategies Work for Whom? A Meta-Regression

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

This study used the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER) database of 235 high- or moderate-rated studies of 93 interventions testing employment strategies for low-income adults. Most strategies are associated with modest positive effects. The strategies that appear most effective are financial incentives and sanctions, education, work experience, and training. Interventions that combine …

Which Employment Strategies Work for Whom? A Meta-Regression Read More »

Free Full TextIntegrating refugees into host country labor markets: Challenges and policy options.

Publication Year: 2016
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Child Care Microenterprise Development, Home-based Child Care, Microenterprise Development, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

Helping new arrivals find jobs commensurate with their skills and experience—and with the potential for upward progression—can have positive effects on other indicators of integration, such as personal well-being and social cohesion. The case for up-front investments in labor market integration policies is especially compelling in countries facing demographic decline and skills shortages. This report …

Integrating refugees into host country labor markets: Challenges and policy options. Read More »

Free Full TextInterventions to Improve the Economic Self-sufficiency and Well-being of Resettled Refugees: A Systematic Review

Publication Year: 2015
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of programmes on the economic self-sufficiency and well-being of resettled refugees. The review identified 23 relevant studies but none of these could be included in the analysis due weaknesses in study design. No studies met the inclusion criteria of this review. Twenty-three studies were identified which were not …

Interventions to Improve the Economic Self-sufficiency and Well-being of Resettled Refugees: A Systematic Review Read More »

Free Full TextSyrian women refugees in Jordan: opportunity in the gig economy

Publication Year: 2017
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

The gig economy refers to labour-market activities that are coordinated via mobile platforms, which are increasingly bringing together workers and purchasers of their services locally and globally. Since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis in 2011, Jordan’s almost 660,000 registered Syrian refugees account for nearly one in ten people in that country. The ability of …

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Free Full TextTriple Disadvantage? A first overview of the integration of refugee women

Publication Year: 2018
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

45% of refugees in Europe are women, yet little is known on their integration outcomes and the specific challenges they face. This report summarises prior research on the integration of refugee women, both compared with refugee men and other immigrant women. It also provides new comparative evidence from selected European and non-European OECD countries. Refugee …

Triple Disadvantage? A first overview of the integration of refugee women Read More »

Free Full TextRefugee women as entrepreneurs in Australia

Publication Year: 2016
Outcome(s): Employment attainment
Relevant ORR Program(s): Child Care Microenterprise Development, Home-based Child Care, Microenterprise Development, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways
Direction of Evidence: No impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

The Stepping Stones to Small Business programme in Australia is appreciated by participants but has shown that entrepreneurship is a problematic concept in the context of women from refugee backgrounds. Starting a small business in Australia is often discussed alongside the risk-taking attributes of entrepreneurs. This characterisation casts entrepreneurship as positive and adventurous, with the …

Refugee women as entrepreneurs in Australia Read More »

Paid Full TextUnderstanding Immigration Trauma and the Potential of Home Visiting Among Immigrant and Refugee Families

Publication Year: 2019
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Trauma-Informed Approaches
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Preferred Communities, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

This article examines the outcomes of implementing a trauma-informed home visiting program in a refugee/immigrant serving mental health program in Chicago, Illinois. The mental health program used the Baby TALK home visiting program model, an evidence-based relational approach to supporting pregnant mothers and families with children less than 3 years old. The authors share findings …

Understanding Immigration Trauma and the Potential of Home Visiting Among Immigrant and Refugee Families Read More »

Free Full TextRandomized Controlled Trial of a Multilevel Intervention to Address Social Determinants of Refugee Mental Health

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Strengths-Based Approaches
Relevant ORR Program(s): Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Preferred Communities, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

Understanding processes that support the well-being of the unprecedented numbers of forcibly displaced people throughout the world is essential. Growing evidence documents post-migration stressors related to marginalization as key social determinants of refugee mental health. The goal of this RCT was to rigorously test a social justice approach to reducing high rates of distress among …

Randomized Controlled Trial of a Multilevel Intervention to Address Social Determinants of Refugee Mental Health Read More »

Free Full TextHealth Realization Community Coping Intervention for Somali Refugee Women

Publication Year: 2019
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Strengths-Based Approaches
Relevant ORR Program(s): Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Preferred Communities, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

Health Realization (HR) is a strengths-based stress and coping intervention used to promote the use of internal and external coping resources. Our three-arm comparison group trial examined the effects of a culturally adapted Somali HR intervention on coping and mental health outcomes in 65 Somali refugee women post-resettlement. Subjects participated one of three conditions: HR …

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Paid Full TextBuilding Resilience in Transcultural Adolescents: An Evaluation of a Group Program

Publication Year: 2019
Outcome area(s): Mental Health
Intervention(s): Mental health and psychosocial support services, Strengths-Based Approaches
Relevant ORR Program(s): Ethnic Community Self-Help Program, Preferred Communities, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Suggestive
Type of Study: Suggestive evidence

This study investigates the effectiveness of Building Resilience in Transcultural Australians (BRiTA Futures) for Adolescents, a strengths-based group intervention developed to build the resilience of culturally and linguistically diverse adolescents who experience acculturation in the context of their migration and resettlement journey. The study examined the effectiveness of the intervention using qualitative and quantitative procedures. …

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