We have developed a database of research evidence to help resettlement service providers in the U.S provide evidence-based interventions and best address barriers that resettlement clients and other ORR-eligible populations face. To date, an initial number of research studies have been added to the database. More studies will be added on an ongoing basis. Use the search area to access content based on criteria like outcome, intervention, year, and study type, or use our advanced search feature to find evidence based on specific, customized criteria.

This library hosts materials developed by Switchboard and by former Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)-funded technical assistance (TA) providers (most in fiscal years 2016-2018, with selected earlier materials). This library links materials externally where: their formats were incompatible with internal hosting; they were developed by current ORR-funded TA providers; or they were developed by non-ORR funded authors who granted permission for the links.

Author Definitions

BRYCS
Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services
CLINIC
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. National Citizenship Capacity Building Project
CVT
Center for Victims of Torture National Capacity Building Project for Specialized Torture Treatment Centers
Higher
Higher Employment Services Technical Assistance
Mercy Housing
Mercy Housing Refugee Housing Program
META
Monitoring and Evaluation Technical Assistance Project
NPCT
National Partnership for Community Training Mental Health Technical Assistance Program
Project SOAR
Project for Strengthening Organizations Assisting Refugees
Welcoming America
Welcoming America's Welcoming Refugees Program
Other
Authors not receiving technical assistance funding from ORR

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Free Full TextNarrative exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Publication Year: 2021
Outcome(s): PTSD Reduction
Intervention(s): NET
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Wilson/Fish, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Objective: Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is a psychological intervention conditionally recommended for the prevention and intervention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous study reported that NET had medium effect on PTSD, but the evidence base of NET is still weak. In this article, we conducted a meta-analysis to explore the efficacy of NET for PTSD …

Narrative exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Read More »

Free Full TextMental health services designed for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnics (BAME) in the UK: a scoping review of case studies.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): General Distress Reduction
Intervention(s): Culturally sensitive approaches, community-based approaches, school-based approaches
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Wilson/Fish, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Systematic review

Purpose: Mental health disparities exist among Black, Asian and Minority Ethnics (BAME) populations. This paper aims to provide an overview of mental health services designed for the BAME population in the UK, both established BAME communities and refugee/asylum-seekers. Design/methodology/approach: A range of electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies conducted within the past decade in …

Mental health services designed for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnics (BAME) in the UK: a scoping review of case studies. Read More »

Free Full TextImagery rehearsal therapy and/or mianserin in treatment of refugees diagnosed with PTSD: Results from a randomized controlled trial

Publication Year: 2021
Outcome(s): PTSD Reduction
Intervention(s): Imagery Rescripting
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: No impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate
Type of Study: Impact evaluation

Sleep disturbances are frequently part of the symptomatology in refugees with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It has been suggested that targeting sleep disturbances may enhance the outcome of PTSD treatment. However, randomized studies on the effect of treatment focusing on sleep disturbances in refugees with PTSD are lacking. The aim of this study was to …

Imagery rehearsal therapy and/or mianserin in treatment of refugees diagnosed with PTSD: Results from a randomized controlled trial Read More »

Free Full TextEfficacy of Psychological Interventions on Depression Anxiety and Somatization in Migrants: A Meta-analysis.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): Anxiety Reduction
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Many studies reveal the effectiveness of different psychological interventions on the adult refugees reporting mental health distress. Aim of this metanalysis was to test the efficacy of different psychological treatments on the depressive, anxiety and somatization symptoms on refugees and asylum seekers. Fifty-two studies, since 1997 to 2019, were included in the systematic review and …

Efficacy of Psychological Interventions on Depression Anxiety and Somatization in Migrants: A Meta-analysis. Read More »

Free Full TextEvaluating narrative exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms: A meta-analysis of the evidence base.

Publication Year: 2021
Outcome(s): Depression Reduction
Intervention(s): NET
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an intervention for trauma spectrum disorders. Originally developed to treat refugee populations, NET has since been tested for efficacy across different settings. In this review, the NET evidence base is examined through a retrieval, synthesis and appraisal of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published since 2002. Two independent reviewers searched online …

Evaluating narrative exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms: A meta-analysis of the evidence base. Read More »

Free Full TextEvaluating narrative exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms: A meta-analysis of the evidence base.

Publication Year: 2021
Outcome(s): PTSD Reduction
Intervention(s): NET
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Narrative exposure therapy (NET) is an intervention for trauma spectrum disorders. Originally developed to treat refugee populations, NET has since been tested for efficacy across different settings. In this review, the NET evidence base is examined through a retrieval, synthesis and appraisal of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published since 2002. Two independent reviewers searched online …

Evaluating narrative exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms: A meta-analysis of the evidence base. Read More »

Free Full TextA Meta-Analysis of Group Interventions for Trauma and Depression Among Immigrant and Refugee Children

Publication Year: 2022
Outcome(s): PTSD Reduction
Intervention(s): Group interventions including CBT, art therapy, mindfulness, crisis management, EMDR, somatic soothing, emotional regulation.
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Refugee School Impact Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Purpose: A meta-analysis of group interventions to reduce post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and/or depression among refugee and immigrant children and adolescents. Methods: A systematic search was followed by independent reviews of each study for risk of bias. The meta-analysis pooled between- and within-condition effect sizes on PTSS and depression across studies using a random-effects model. …

A Meta-Analysis of Group Interventions for Trauma and Depression Among Immigrant and Refugee Children Read More »

Free Full TextEffectiveness of self-help plus in preventing mental disorders in refugees and asylum seekers in Western Europe: A multinational randomized controlled trial

Publication Year: 2021
Outcome(s): General Distress Reduction
Intervention(s): Self-help Plus
Relevant ORR Program(s): Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Direction of Evidence: Inconclusive or mixed impact
Strength of Evidence: Moderate

Introduction: Self-Help Plus (SH +) is a group-based psychological intervention developed by the World Health Organization for managing stress. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of SH+ in preventing mental disorders in refugees and asylum seekers in Western Europe. Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 5 European countries. Refugees and asylum seekers with psychological …

Effectiveness of self-help plus in preventing mental disorders in refugees and asylum seekers in Western Europe: A multinational randomized controlled trial Read More »

Free Full TextImproving Mental Health in Refugee Populations: A Review of Intervention Studies Conducted in the United States.

Publication Year: 2020
Outcome(s): General Distress Reduction
Intervention(s): Psycho-education
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Wilson/Fish, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong

Mental health is one of the most pervasive health concerns in the refugee population due to the combined effects of traumatic experiences prior to migration and post-migration stressors related to resettlement. The objectives of this systematic search were to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness and identify gaps of mental health interventions on mental health outcomes …

Improving Mental Health in Refugee Populations: A Review of Intervention Studies Conducted in the United States. Read More »

Free Full TextEvidence-based individual psychotherapy for complex posttraumatic stress disorder and at-risk groups for complex traumatization: A meta-review.

Publication Year: 2022
Outcome(s): PTSD Reduction
Intervention(s): TF-CBT, EMDR, NET
Relevant ORR Program(s): Children's Services, Refugee Health Promotion, Refugee School Impact Program, Refugee Support Services, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Unaccompanied Refugee Minors, Wilson/Fish, Youth Mentoring
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Strength of Evidence: Strong
Type of Study: Meta-analysis

Background: The current meta-review of meta-analyses on psychotherapy research for complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) and samples at risk of complex traumatization has three aims: first, to provide an overview of efficacy of individual psychotherapies; second, to compare the quality of the meta-analyses; and third, to assess statistical power.Methods: The literature search was conducted until …

Evidence-based individual psychotherapy for complex posttraumatic stress disorder and at-risk groups for complex traumatization: A meta-review. Read More »