Guide: Refugee Wellness Country Guide – Iraq

Guide: Refugee Wellness Country Guide – Iraq

This guide offers information on the mental health considerations, healthcare, beliefs, customs, language and history of Iraq. Iraq encompasses most of the land that was once the ancient region of Mesopotamia, commonly referred to as the “cradle of civilization” due to its development of agriculture and the concept of the city-state.  Iraq’s rich cultural heritage has continued to the modern era, though recent decades have brought a series of conflicts to the country that have exposed Iraqi citizens to ongoing trauma. According to a 2008 study by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 15-20% of displaced Iraqis studied were survivors of torture, more than half had been exposed to interrogation, harassment, or threats, and over three-quarters had been impacted by bombings, shootings, and loss of an acquaintance. Government forces, paramilitary groups, and the Islamic State continue to commit war crimes and human rights abuses such as forced disappearances, use of human shields, execution-style killings, rape and other torture of captives, and the recruitment of child soldiers. As a result, many Iraqis have fled, making Iraqi refugees one of the largest refugee populations worldwide. 

Date: September 1, 2017
Language(s): English
Target Audience(s): Service Provider
Author(s): NPCT
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