45% of refugees in Europe are women, yet little is known on their integration outcomes and the specific challenges they face. This report summarises prior research on the integration of refugee women, both compared with refugee men and other immigrant women. It also provides new comparative evidence from selected European and non-European OECD countries. Refugee women face a number of particular integration challenges associated with poorer health and lower education and labour market outcomes compared to refugee men, who are already disadvantaged in comparison with other migrant groups. They also show a peak in fertility in the year after arrival. A large fraction has come from countries where gender inequality is high and employment of women tends to be low. However, there is little correlation between indicators such gender differences in participation and employment in the origin and in the host country, suggesting that the integration issues can be addressed by host-country employment and education policy instruments. The report also finds that building basic skills in terms of educational attainment and host-country language training bears a high return in terms of improving labour market outcomes. It also provides intergenerational pay-off for their children. Against this backdrop, structured integration programmes such as the ones in the Scandinavian countries seem to be a worthwhile investment.
Liebig, T., & Tronstad, K. R. (2018). Triple disadvantage? A first overview of the integration of refugee women. OECD Social, Employment, and Migration Working Papers, (216), 0_1-37.
About This Study:
Intervention Duration: Not specified
Relevant ORR Program: Matching Grant, Preferred Communities, Refugee Career Pathways, Targeted Assistance Grant Discretionary Program, Wilson/Fish
Study Type: Suggestive evidence
Full Text Availability: Free
Direction of Evidence: Positive impact
Gender(s) of Participants: Female
Age(s) of Participants: Adults
Relevant Evidence Summaries:
The evidence was reviewed and included in the following summaries: