What works to support LGBTQ refugees?

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Evidence Summary
May 2022

This document summarizes the state of available evidence regarding practices and programs for LGBTQ refugees. Understanding what works to address the needs of this population is important because LGBTQ refugees often lack the support networks that other refugees rely on. They must also navigate the isolation they face within their own ethnic or national communities. As such, LGBTQ refugees need a community responsive to their concerns and committed to cultivating social and economic opportunities that will facilitate their integration.[1]

What is meant by “LGBTQ refugees”?

In this document, “LGBTQ refugees” refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and/or queer/questioning individuals who are eligible for benefits and services funded by the Office of Refugee Resettlement by virtue of their immigration status in the United States (this excludes asylum-seekers).

[1] Heartland Alliance (2015). Rainbow response: A practical guide to resettling LGBT refugees and asylees.

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